Zakat and Qarzan Hasanah in Light of the Qur’an

Aliasger Sh Saifuddin Rasheed

Zakat, the fourth pillar of Islam, instructs its members to give part of their worldly wealth to help those in need and further, to the cause of truth. As Allah states:
“They will question thee concerning what they should expend (for charity). Say: whosoever good you expend is for the Parents, the kinsmen, orphans, the needy and the traveler and whatever good you may do, Allah has knowledge of it”. (2-211).

Persons who have received in abundance, should respond in gratitude and in respect for what Allah has bestowed them, they should return to him part of their abundance. This repaying to Allah is accomplished by helping those whom Allah commands us to help, through his Awliya kiraam (A.S) sustaining the needy. It is the Awliya Kiraam (A.S) who are commanded to accept and take the Zakat from the Ummah and purify them with the thorough purification. It is their duty to distribute amongst the rightful and the needy. Human sharing is at most a goodly loan to Allah, which will be repaid many times over both here and the hereafter.

The Zakat, required by a law is not to be regarded as a free gift, but is a mandatory, minimum “Waajib” on various categories of wealth. From the time of Rasulallah (S.A) Zakat has been gathered and dispensed under the auspices of Islamic state, and Rasulallah (S.A) himself frequently imposed payment of Zakat on the members of the Arab-Tribes seeking integration into the expanding Ummah.

From the beginning the social responsibility of the believer has been understood to extend through out the entire community of believers and Zakat was considered the expression of this responsibility.

The period of Maulana Mohammed Burhanuddin (TUS) is regarded as the Golden Period amongst the past era’s of Doat Mutlaqeen (A.S). Burhanuddin Aqa (TUS) with his Mauezet Hasanah and his Hikmat, summoned Mumineen towards Iman and Allah’s path. There has been no such record in history as in this period, of Mumineen sacrificing their souls and offering their wealth in the Qadam Mubarak of Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin (TUS). And no doubt that this sacrifice is to such an extent that Maulana (TUS) without any hesitation proclaims- “MUMINEEN TAMNE DEKHI NE MEIN GHANO KHUSH THAOO CHOO – TAME MAARA CHO ANE MEIN TAMARO CHOO”.

May Allah enhance the umarsharif of Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin (TUS) till the day of Judgment. The command of Zakat is in itself related with the command of Qarzan Hasanah. Allah subhanahu states in Quran:
“If you offer loans to Allah, then surely Allah will double your wealth and eradicate your sins”.

Al Dai Al Ajal Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin (TUS) has specified the importance of Qarzan Hasanah in this period in three different ways.

  1. Qarzan Hasanah, as in respect to Mumins faith.
  2. Qarzan Hasanah, as a law and ordinance.
  3. Qarzan Hasanah, as an act, deed and duty.

The Dai of Rasulallah (S.A) ascertained Mumineen through his manifests, that Qarzan Hasanah is not just a deed or an act of formality, but it is a command of Allah. The term Qarzan Hasanah, in Quran has been used in three different ways. Informative – Commanding and as an Oath. Where the commanding term has been used, Maulana Mohammed Burhanuddin (TUS) states
” Allah has associated the law of Qarzan Hasanah with the command of Zakat. As the command of Zakat implies on the category of people having wealth (Saheb ul Maal) in the same way the command of Qarzan Hasanah, in the same way the command of Qarzan Hasanah implies on the same category.

The affirmation of Qarzan Hasanah is supported by the denial of Riba, (Interest). Al Dai Al Ajal Syedna Qazi Al Noman (R.A) states
” The Riba is denied in Islam.( It has been regarded Haram in Islam) for the fact, that people might not stop from the good deeds, (Maroof)”.

The negation and the denial of Riba and on the contrary the affirmation of Qarzan Hasanah can be proved by simple logic.

  1. It is but obvious and the law of nature that people are always in the need of loans, (Qarzan Hasanah).
  2. Allah has regarded Riba, (Interest) haraam in Islam.

The above two points confirms the denial of Riba and affirms the command of Qarzan Hasanah. Because Allah has closed all the modes of getting loans except Qarzan Hasanah. Ultimately, Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin (TUS), with his kind deeds summons Mumineen towards this command of Qarzan Hasanah. Infact it is impossible to count that how much Huzurala (TUS) gives as Qarzan Hasanah. And it is the mere ahsaan of Maulana (TUS) that he gives us the sharaf of accompanying in this kind deed. Maulana states:
” Qarzan Hasanah aapo, ehma ghani barakat che, Mumin tamara si le ehno ahsaan !”

May Allah give us taufiq to perform this khidamt and may Allah enhance the Umarsharif of Aqa Maula till the day of judgment. Ameen.

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